Quotes by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Ye lightnings‚ the dread arrows of the clouds!
Ye signs and wonders of the element!
Utter forth God‚ and fill the hills with praise!
In the hexameter rises the fountain's silvery column;
In the pentameter aye falling in melody back.
And in Life's noisiest hour‚
There whispers still the ceaseless Love of Thee‚
The heart's Self-solace and soliloquy.

You mould my Hopes‚ you fashion me within.

And looking to the Heaven‚ that bends above you‚
How oft! I bless the Lot‚ that made me love you.
All thoughts‚ all passions‚ all delights‚
Whatever stirs this mortal frame‚
All are but ministers of Love‚
And feed his sacred flame.
Humour is consistent with pathos‚ whilst wit is not.
Hast thou a charm to stay the morning-star
In his steep course? So long he seems to pause
On thy bald awful head‚ sovran Blanc!
The last speech, the motive-hunting of a motiveless malignity - how awful!
Flowers are lovely; love is flower-like;
Friendship is a sheltering tree.
Blest hour! it was a luxury - to be!
Nought cared this Body for wind or weather
When Youth and I lived in't together.
And the Devil did grin‚ for his darling sin
Is pride that apes humility.
Poor little foal of an oppressed race!
I love the languid patience of thy face.
The knight's bones are dust,
And his good sword rust;
His soul is with the saints, I trust.
Strongly it bears us along in swelling and limitless billows,
Nothing before and nothing behind but the sky and the ocean.
Trochee trips from long to short;
From long to long in solemn sort
Slow Spondee stalks.
The Eighth Commandment was not made for bards.
In many ways doth the full heart reveal
The presence of the love it would conceal.
I counted two and seventy stenches,
All well defined, and several stinks.
Intense study of the Bible will keep any writer from being vulgar‚ in point of style.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Biography
English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher, whose LYRICAL BALLADS, written with William Wordsworth, started the English Romantic movement. Although Coleridge's poetic achievement was small in quantity, his metaphysical anxiety, anticipating modern existentialism, has gained him reputation as an authentic visionary. Shelley called him "hooded eagle among blinking owls."

Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, the son of the Reverend John Coleridge, and Ann Bowdon, the daughter of a farmer. At the time of his birth, Coleridge's father was already fifty-three years old, Ann, his second wife, was forty-five. Coleridge, the youngest of ten children, was adored by his parents. Later Coleridge described his childhood as full fantasy: "At six years old I remember to have read Belisarius, Robinson Crusoe, and Philip Quarll – and then I found the Arabian Nights' entertainments – one tale of which (the tale of a man who was compelled to seek for a pure virgin) made so deep an impression on me (I had read it in the evening while my mother was mending stockings) that I was haunted by spectres whenever I was in the dark – and I distinctly remember the anxious and fearful e agerness with which I used to watch the window in which the books lay - and whenever the sun lay upon them, I would seize it, carry it by the wall, and bask, and read."

After his father's death, Coleridge was sent away to Christ's Hospital School in London. Coleridge studied at Jesus College. He joined in the reformist movement stimulated by the French Revolution, and abandoned his studies in 1793. In desperation, after an unhappy love-affair and pressed by debt, he enlisted in the 15th Light Dragoons under the name of Silas Tomkin Comberbache. Soon he realized that he was unfit for an army career and he was brought out under 'insanity' clause by his brother, Captain James Coleridge. In Cambridge Coleridge met the radical, future poet laureate Robert Southey (1774-1843) in 1794. Coleridge moved with him to Bristol to establish a community, but the plan failed. In 1795 he married the sister of Southey's fiancée Sara Fricker, whom he did not really love.

Coleridge's collection POEMS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS was published in 1796, and in 1797 appeared POEMS. In the same year he began the publication of a short-lived liberal political periodical The Watchman. He formed a close friendship with Dorothy and William Wordsworth, one of the most fruitful creative relationships in English literature. From it resulted Lyrical Ballads, which opened with Coleridge's 'Rime of the Ancient Mariner' and ended with Wordsworth's 'Tintern Abbey'. These poems set a new style by using everyday language and fresh ways of looking at nature.

'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner', a 625-line ballad, is among his essential works. It tells of a sailor who kills an albatross and for that crime against nature endures terrible punishments. The ship upon which the Mariner serves is trapped in a frozen sea. An albatross comes to the aid of the ship, it saves everyone, and stays with the ship until the Mariner shoots it with his crossbow. The motiveless malignity leads to punishment: "And now there came both mist and show, / And it grew wondrous cold; / And ice, mast high, came floating by, / As green as emerald." After a ghost ship passes the crew begin to die but the mariner is eventually rescued. He knows his penance will continue and he is only a machine for dictating always the one story. When Mrs. Barbauld objected to Coleridge that the poem lacked a moral, the poet told her that "in my own judgment the poem had too much; and that the only or chief fault, if I might say so, was the obtrusion of the moral sentiment so openly on the reader as a principle or cause of action in a work of pure imagination." Partly the poem was inspired by Captain James Cook's second voyage (1772-1775), during which he circumnavigated the entire of Antarctica. Coleridge himself was also a traveler, who lived in Malta and Italy, and visited many of the capitals of Europe. In many poems he utilized travel as a narrative elements, it was a source of inspiration, and an argument against intellectual stagnation: "Keep moving! Steam, or Gas, or Stage, / Hold, cabin, steerage, hencoop's cage – / Tour, Journey, Voyage, Lounge, Ride, Walk, / Skim, Sketch, Excursion, Travel-talk – / For move you must!"

The brothers Josiah and Thomas Wedgewood granted Coleridge an annuity of 150 pounds, thus enabling him to pursue his literary career. Disenchanted with political developments in France, Coleridge visited Germany in 1798-99 with Dorothy and William Wordsworth, and became interested in the works of Immanuel Kant. He studied philosophy at Göttingen University and mastered the German language. However, he considered his translations of Friedrich von Schiller's plays from the trilogy Wallenstein distasteful. At the end of 1799 Coleridge fell in love with Sara Hutchinson, the sister of Wordsworth's future wife, to whom he devoted his work DEJECTION: AN ODE (1802). During these years Coleridge also began to compile his NOTEBOOKS, daily meditations of his life.

Suffering from neuralgic and rheumatic pains, Coleridge had became addicted to opium, freely prescribed by physicians. In 1804 he sailed to Malta in search of better health. Supplied with an ounce of opium and nine ounces of laudanum, he wrote in his journal: "O dear God! give me strength of soul to make one thorough Trial – If I land at Malta / spite of all horrors to go through one month of unstimulated nature..." He worked two years as secretary to the governor of Malta, and later traveled through Sicily and Italy, returning then to England. In 1809-10 he wrote and edited with Sara Hutchinson the literary and political magazine The Friend. From 1808 to 1818 he he gave several lectures, chiefly in London, and was considered the greatest of Shakespearean critics.

According to the poet, he heard the words to his famous 'Kubla Khan' in a dream. "In Xanadu did Kubla Khan / A stately pleasure dome decree: / Where Alph, the sacred river, ran / Through caverns measureless to man / Down to a sunless sea. / So twice five miles of fertile ground / With walls and towers were girdled round: / And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, / Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; / And here were forests ancient as the hills / Enfolding sunny spots of greenery." (from Kubla Khan, 1798) 'Christabel' and 'Kubla Khan' circulated many years in oral form before publication, and especially 'Christabel' influenced later the works of Sir Walter Scott and Lord Byron. In the summer of 1797 the author had retired to a lonely farm-house between Porlock and Linton. He had taken anodyne and after three hours sleep he woke up with a clear image of the poem. Disturbed by a visitor, he lost the vision, with the exception of some eight or ten scattered lines and images. Modern scholarship is skeptical of this story, but it reveals Coleridge's interest in the workings of the subconscious.

In 1810 Coleridge's friendship with Wordsworth came to crisis, and the two poets never fully returned to the relationship they had earlier. During the following years, Coleridge lived in London, on the verge of suicide. REMORSE, a play which he had written many years earlier, was succesfully produced at the Drury Lane theatre in 1813. He received £400, which he spent in a few monts. After a physical and spiritual crisis at Greyhound Inn, Bath, he submitted himself to a series of medical régimes to free himself from opium. He found a permanent harbor in Highgate in the household of Dr. James Gillman, and enjoyed almost legendary reputation among the younger Romantics. During this time he rarely left the house.

In 1816 the unfinished poems 'Christabel' and 'Kubla Khan' were published, and next year appeared SIBYLLINE LEAVES. After 1817 Coleridge devoted himself to theological and politico-sociological works – his final position was that of a Romantic conservative and Christian radical. "Every reform, however necessary, will by weak minds be carried to an excess, that itself will need reforming," he wrote in BIOGRAPHIA LITERARIA (1817). Coleridge contributed to several magazines, among them Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. In 1824 Coleridge was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. He died in Highgate, near Londonon July 25, 1834. Coleridge's daughter Sara (1802-1852) was also a writer and translator. She published children's verse, PRETTY LESSONS IN VERSE FOR GOOD CHILDREN (1834) and PHANTASMION (1837). When her husband died she took up the task of editing her fathers works.

Some rights reserved Petri Liukkonen (author) & Ari Pesonen. Kuusankosken kaupunginkirjasto 2008

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