Read CHAPTER XXVI of The Nether World, free online book, by George Gissing, on


In the dreary days when autumn is being choked by the first fogs, Sidney Kirkwood had to bestir himself and to find new lodgings.  The cheerless task came upon him just when he had already more than sufficient trouble, and to tear himself out of the abode in which he had spent eight years caused him more than regret; he felt superstitiously about it, and questioned fate as to what sorrows might be lurking for him behind this corner in life’s journey.  Move he must; his landlady was dead, and the house would perhaps be vacant for a long time.  After making search about Islington one rainy evening, he found himself at the end of Hanover Street, and was drawn to the familiar house; not, however, to visit the Snowdons, but to redeem a promise recently made to Bessie Byass, who declared herself vastly indignant at the neglect with which he treated her.  So, instead of going up the steps to the front door, he descended into the area.  Bessie herself opened to him, and after a shrewd glance, made as though she would close the door again.  ’Nothing for you!  The idea of beggars coming down the area-steps Be off!’

‘I’m worse than a beggar,’ replied Sidney.  ’Housebreaking’s more in my line.’

And he attempted to force an entrance.  Bessie struggled, but had to give in, overcome with laughter.  Samuel was enjoying a pipe in the front kitchen; in spite of the dignity of keeping a servant (to whom the back kitchen was sacred), Mr. and Mrs. Byass frequently spent their evenings below stairs in the same manner as of old.

The talk began with Sidney’s immediate difficulties.

‘Now if it had only happened half a year ago,’ said Bessie, ’I should have got you into our first-floor rooms.’

‘Shouldn’t wonder if we have him there yet, some day,’ remarked Sam, winking at his wife.

‘Not him,’ was Bessie’s rejoinder, with a meaning smile.  ’He’s a cool hand, is Mr. Kirkwood.  He knows how to wait.  When something happens, we shall have him taking a house out at Highbury, you see if he don’t.’

Sidney turned upon her with anything but a jesting look.

‘What do you mean by that, Mrs. Byass?’ he asked, sharply.  ’When what happens?  What are you hinting at?’

‘Bless us and save us!’ cried Bessie.  ’Here, Sam, he’s going to swallow me.  What harm have I done?’

‘Please tell me what you meant?’ Sidney urged, his face expressing strong annoyance.  ’Why do you call me a “cool hand,” and say that “I know how to wait”?  What did you mean?  I’m serious; I want you to explain.’

Whilst he was speaking there came a knock at the kitchen door.  Bessie cried, ‘Come in,’ and Jane showed herself; she glanced in a startled way at Sidney, murmured a ‘good-evening’ to him, and made a request of Bessie for some trifle she needed.  Sidney, after just looking round, kept his seat and paid no further attention to Jane, who speedily retired.

Silence followed, and in the midst of it Kirkwood pushed his chair impatiently.

‘Bess,’ cried Samuel, with an affected jocoseness, ’you’re called upon to apologise.  Don’t make a fool of yourself again.’

‘I don’t see why he need be so snappish with me,’ replied his wife.  ’I beg his pardon, if he wants me.’

But Sidney was laughing now, though not in a very natural way.  He put an end to the incident, and led off into talk of quite a different kind.  When supper-time was at hand he declared that it was impossible for him to stay.  The hour had been anything but a lively one, and when he was gone his friends discussed at length this novel display of ill-humour on Sidney’s part.

He went home muttering to himself, and passed as bad a night as he had ever known.  Two days later his removal to new lodgings was effected; notwithstanding his desire to get into a cleaner region, he had taken a room at the top of a house in Red Lion Street, in the densest part of Clerkenwell, where his neighbours under the same roof were craftsmen, carrying on their business at home.

‘It’ll do well enough just for a time,’ he said to himself.  ’Who can say when I shall be really settled again, or whether I ever shall?’

Midway in an attempt to put his things in order, to nail his pictures on the walls and ring forth his books again, he was seized with such utter discouragement that he let a volume drop from his hand and threw himself into a seat.  A moan escaped his lips ­’That cursed money!’

Ever since the disclosure made to him by Michael Snowdon at Danbury he had been sensible of a grave uneasiness respecting his relations with Jane.  At the moment he might imagine himself to share the old man’s enthusiasm, or dream, or craze ­whichever name were the most appropriate ­but not an hour had passed before he began to lament that such a romance as this should envelop the life which had so linked itself with his own.  Immediately there arose in him a struggle between the idealist tendency, of which he had his share, and stubborn everyday sense, supported by his knowledge of the world and of his own being ­a struggle to continue for months, thwarting the natural current of his life, racking his intellect, embittering his heart’s truest emotions.  Conscious of mystery in Snowdon’s affairs, he had never dreamed of such a solution as this; the probability was ­so he had thought ­that Michael received an annuity under the will of his son who died in Australia.  No word of the old man’s had ever hinted at wealth in his possession; the complaints he frequently made of the ill use to which wealthy people put their means seemed to imply a regret that he, with his purer purposes, had no power of doing anything.  There was no explaining the manner of Jane’s bringing-up if it were not necessary that she should be able to support herself; the idea on which Michael acted was not such as would suggest itself, even to Sidney’s mind.  Deliberately to withhold education from a girl who was to inherit any property worth speaking of would be acting with such boldness of originality that Sidney could not seriously have attributed it to his friend.  In fact, he did not know Michael until the revelation was made; the depths of the man’s character escaped him.

The struggle went all against idealism.  It was a noble vision, that of Michael’s, but too certainly Jane Snowdon was not the person to make it a reality; the fearful danger was, that all the possibilities of her life might be sacrificed to a vain conscientiousness.  Her character was full of purity and sweetness and self-forgetful warmth, but it had not the strength necessary for the carrying out of a purpose beset with difficulties and perils.  Michael, it was true, appeared to be aware of this; it did not, however, gravely disturb him, and for the simple reason that not to Jane alone did he look for the completion of his design; destiny had brought him aid such as he could never have anticipated; Jane’s helpmate was at hand, in whom his trust was unbounded.

What was in his way, that Sidney should not accept the responsibility?  Conscience from the first whispered against his doing so, and the whisper was grown to so loud a voice that not an adverse argument could get effective hearing.  Temptations lurked for him and sprang out in moments of his weakness, but as temptations they were at once recognised.  ’He had gone too far to retire; he would be guilty of sheer treachery to Jane; he would break the old man’s heart.’  All which meant merely that he loved the girl, and that it would be like death to part from her.  But why part?  What had conscience got hold of, that it made all this clamour?  Oh, it was simple enough; Sidney not only had no faith in the practicability of such a life’s work as Michael visioned, but he had the profoundest distrust of his own moral strength if he should allow himself to be committed to lifelong renunciation.  ’I am no hero,’ he said, ’no enthusiast.  The time when my whole being could be stirred by social questions has gone by.  I am a man in love, and in proportion as my love has strengthened, so has my old artist-self revived in me, until now I can imagine no bliss so perfect as to marry Jane Snowdon and go off to live with her amid fields and trees, where no echo of the suffering world should ever reach us.’  To confess this was to make it terribly certain that sooner or later the burden of conscientiousness would become intolerable.  Not from Jane would support come in that event; she, poor child I would fall into miserable perplexity, in conflict between love and duty, and her life would be rained.

Of course a man might have said, ’What matter how things arrange themselves when Michael is past knowledge of them?  I will marry the woman I honestly desire, and together we will carry out this humanitarian project so long as it be possible.  When it ceases to be so, well .’  But Sidney could not take that view.  It shamed him beyond endurance to think that he must ever avoid Jane’s look, because he had proved himself dishonest, and, what were worse, had tempted her to become so.

The conflict between desire and scruple made every day a weariness.  Instead of looking forward eagerly to the evening in the week which he spent with Michael and Jane, he dreaded its approach.  Scarcely had he met Jane’s look since this trouble began; he knew that her voice when she spoke to him expressed consciousness of something new in their relations, and even whilst continuing to act his part he suffered ceaselessly.  Had Michael ever repeated to his granddaughter the confession which Sidney would now have given anything to recall?  It was more than possible.  Of Jane’s feeling Sidney could not entertain a serious doubt, and he knew that for a long time he had done his best to encourage it.  It was unpardonable to draw aloof from her just because these circumstances had declared themselves, circumstances which brought perplexity into her life and doubtless made her long for another kind of support than Michael could afford her.  The old man himself appeared to be waiting anxiously; he had fallen back into his habit of long silences, and often regarded Sidney in a way which the latter only too well understood.

He tried to help himself through the time of indecision by saying that there was no hurry.  Jane was very young, and with the new order of things her life had in truth only just begun.  She must have a space to look about her; all the better if she could form various acquaintances.  On that account he urged so strongly that she should be brought into relation with Miss Lant, and, if possible, with certain of Miss Lant’s friends.  All very well, had not the reasoning been utterly insincere.  It might have applied to another person; in Jane’s case it was mere sophistry.  Her nature was home-keeping; to force her into alliance with conscious philanthropists was to set her in the falsest position conceivable; striving to mould herself to the desires of those she loved, she would suffer patiently and in secret mourn for the time when she had been obscure and happy.  These things Sidney knew with a certainty only less than that wherewith he judged his own sensations; between Jane and himself the sympathy was perfect.  And in despite of scruple he would before long have obeyed the natural impulse of his heart, had it not been that still graver complications declared themselves, and by exasperating his over-sensitive pride made him reckless of the pain he gave to others so long as his own self-torture was made sufficiently acute.

With Joseph Snowdon he was doing his best to be on genial terms, but the task was a hard one.  The more he saw of Joseph, the less he liked him.  Of late the filter manufacturer had begun to strike notes in his conversation which jarred on Sidney’s sensibilities, and made him disagreeably suspicious that something more was meant than Joseph cared to put into plain speech.  Since his establishment in business Joseph had become remarkably attentive to his father; he appeared to enter with much zeal into all that concerned Jane; he conversed privately with the old man for a couple of hours at a time, and these dialogues, for some reason or other, he made a point of reporting to Sidney.  According to these reports ­and Sidney did not wholly discredit them ­Michael was coming to have a far better opinion of his son than formerly, was even disposed to speak with him gravely of his dearest interests.

‘We talked no end about you, Sidney, last night,’ said Joseph on one occasion, with the smile, whereby he meant to express the last degree of friendly intelligence.

And Sidney, though anxiously desiring to know the gist of the conversation, in this instance was not gratified.  He could not bring himself to put questions, and went away in a mood of vague annoyance which Joseph had the especial power of exciting.

With the Byasses, Joseph was forming an intimacy; of this too Sidney became aware, and it irritated him.  The exact source of this irritation he did not at first recognise, but it was disclosed at length unmistakably enough, and that on the occasion of the visit recently described.  Bessie’s pleasantry, which roused him in so unwonted a manner, could bear, of course, but one meaning; as soon as he heard it, Sidney saw as in a flash that one remaining aspect of his position which had not as yet attracted his concern.  The Byasses had learnt, or had been put in the way of surmising, that Michael Snowdon was wealthy; instantly they passed to the reflection that in marrying Jane their old acquaintance would be doing an excellent stroke of business.  They were coarse-minded, and Bessie could even venture to jest with him on this detestable view of his projects.  But was it not very likely that they derived their information from Joseph Snowdon?  And if so, was it not all but certain that Joseph had suggested to them this way of regarding Sidney himself?

So when Jane’s face appeared at the door he held himself in stubborn disregard of her.  A thing impossible to him, he would have said a few minutes ago.  He revenged himself upon Jane.  Good; in this way he was likely to make noble advances.

The next evening he was due at the Snowdons’, and for the very first time he voluntarily kept away.  He posted a note to say that the business of his removal had made him irregular; he would come next week, when things were settled once more.

Thus it came to pass that he sat wretchedly in his unfamiliar room and groaned about ‘that accursed money.’  His only relief was in bursts of anger.  Why had he not the courage to go to Michael and say plainly what he thought?  ’You have formed a wild scheme, the project of a fanatic.  Its realisation would be a miracle, and in your heart you must know that Jane’s character contains no miraculous possibilities.  You are playing with people’s lives, as fanatics always do.  For Heaven’s sake, bestow your money on the practical folks who make a solid business of relieving distress!  Jane, I know, will bless you for making her as poor as ever.  Things are going on about you which you do not suspect.  Your son is plotting, plotting; I can see it.  This money will be the cause of endless suffering to those you really love, and will never be of as much benefit to the unknown as if practical people dealt with it.  Jane is a simple girl, of infinite goodness; what possesses you that you want to make her an impossible sort of social saint?’ Too hard to speak thus frankly.  Michael had no longer the mental pliancy of even six months ago; his idea was everything to him; as he became weaker, it would gain the dire force of an hallucination.  And in the meantime he, Sidney, must submit to be slandered by that fellow who had his own ends to gain.

To marry Jane, and, at the old man’s death, resign every farthing of the money to her trustees, for charitable uses? ­But the old pang of conscience; the life-long wound to Jane’s tender heart.

A day of headache and incapacity, during which it was all he could do to attend to his mechanical work, and again the miserable loneliness of his attic.  It rained, it rained.  He had half a mind to seek refuge at some theatre, but the energy to walk so far was lacking.  And whilst he stood stupidly abstracted there came a knock at his door.

‘I thought I’d just see if you’d got straight,’ said Joseph Snowdon, entering with his genial smile.

Sidney made no reply, but turned as if to stir the fire.  Hands in pockets, Joseph sauntered to a seat.

‘Think you’ll be comfortable here?’ he went on.  ’Well, well; of course it’s only temporary.’

‘I don’t know about that,’ returned Sidney.  ’I may stay here as long as I was at the last place ­eight years.’

Joseph laughed, with exceeding good-nature.

‘Oh yes; I shouldn’t wonder,’ he said, entering into the joke.  ’Still’ ­becoming serious ­’I wish you’d found a pleasanter place.  With the winter coming on, you see ­’

Sidney broke in with splenetic perversity.

’I don’t know that I shall pass the winter here.  My arrangements are all temporary ­all of them.’

After glancing at him the other crossed his legs and seemed to dispose himself for a stay of some duration.

‘You didn’t turn up the other night ­in Hanover Street.’


’I was there.  We talked about you.  My father has a notion you haven’t been quite well lately.  I dare say you’re worrying a little, eh?’

Sidney remained standing by the fireplace, turned so that his face was in shadow.

‘Worry?  Oh, I don’t know,’ he replied, idly.

‘Well, I’m worried a good deal, Sidney, and that’s the fact.’

‘What about?’

’All sorts of things.  I’ve meant to have a long talk with you; but then I don’t quite know how to begin.  Well, see, it’s chiefly about Jane.’

Sidney neither moved nor spoke.

‘After all, Sidney,’ resumed the other, softening his voice, ’I am her father, you see.  A precious bad one I’ve been, that there’s no denying, and dash it if I don’t sometimes feel ashamed of myself.  I do when she speaks to me in that pleasant way she has ­you know what I mean.  For all that, I am her father, and I think it’s only right I should do my best to make her happy.  You agree with that, I know.’

‘Certainly I do.’

’You won’t take it ill if I ask whether ­in fact, whether you’ve ever asked her ­you know what I mean.’

‘I have not,’ Sidney replied, in a clear, unmoved tone, changing his position at the same time so as to look his interlocutor in the face.

Joseph seemed relieved.

‘Still,’ he continued, ’you’ve given her to understand ­eh?  I suppose there’s no secret about that?’

’I’ve often spoken to her very intimately, but I have used no words such as you are thinking of.  It’s quite true that my way of behaving has meant more than ordinary friendship.’

’Yes, yes; you’re not offended at me bringing this subject up, old man?  You see, I’m her father, after all, and I think we ought to understand each other.’

‘You are quite right.’

‘Well, now, see.’  He fidgeted a little.  ’Has my father ever told you that his friend the lawyer, Percival, altogether went against that way of bringing up Jane?’

‘Yes, I know that.’

‘You do?’ Joseph paused before proceeding.  ’To tell you the truth, I don’t much care about Percival.  I had a talk with him, you know, when my business was being settled.  No, I don’t quite take to him, so to say.  Now, you won’t be offended?  The fact of the matter is, he asked some rather queer questions about you ­or, at all events, if they weren’t exactly questions, they ­they came to the same thing.’

Sidney was beginning to glare under his brows.  Commonsense told him how very unlikely it was that a respectable solicitor should compromise himself in talk with a stranger, and that such a man as J. J. Snowdon; yet, whether the story were true or not, it meant that Joseph was plotting in some vile way, and thus confirmed his suspicions.  He inquired, briefly and indifferently, what Mr. Percival’s insinuations had been.

’Well, I told you I don’t much care for the fellow.  He didn’t say as much, mind, but he seemed to be hinting-like that, as Jane’s father, I should do well to ­to keep an eye on you ­ha, ha!  It came to that, I thought ­though, of course, I may have been mistaken.  It shows how little he knows about you and father.  I fancy he’d got it into his head that it was you set father on those plans about Jane ­though why I’d like to know.’

He paused.  Sidney kept his eyes down, and said nothing.

’Well, there’s quite enough of that; too much.  Still I thought I’d tell you, you see.  It’s well to know when we’ve got enemies behind our backs.  But see, Sidney; to speak seriously, between ourselves.’  He leaned forward in the confidential attitude.  ’You say you’ve gone just a bit further than friendship with our Janey.  Well, I don’t know a better man, and that’s the truth ­but don’t you think we might put this off for a year or two?  Look now, here’s this lady, Miss Lant, taking up the girl, and it’s an advantage to her; you won’t deny that.  I sympathise with my good old dad; I do, honestly; but I can’t help thinking that Janey, in her position, ought to see a little of the world.  There’s no secrets between us; you know what she’ll have as well as I do.  I should be a brute if I grudged it her, after all she’s suffered from my neglect.  But don’t you think we might leave her free for a year or two?’

‘Yes, I agree with you.’

’You do?  I thought you and I could understand each other, if we only got really talking.  Look here, Sidney; I don’t mind just whispering to you.  For anything I know, Percival is saying disagreeable things to the old man; but don’t you worry about that.  It don’t matter a scrap, you see, so long as you and I keep friendly, eh?  I’m talking very open to you, but it’s all for Janey’s sake.  If you went and told father I’d been saying anything against Percival ­well, it would make things nasty for me.  I’ve put myself in your hands, but I know the kind of man you are.  It’s only right you should hear of what’s said.  Don’t worry; we’ll just wait a little, that’s all.  I mean it all for the little girl’s sake.  It wouldn’t be nice if you married her and then she was told ­eh?’

Sidney looked at the speaker steadily, then stirred the fire and moved about for a few moments.  As he kept absolute silence, Joseph, after throwing out a few vague assurances of goodwill and trust, rose to take his leave.  Kirkwood shook hands with him, but spoke not a word.  Late the same night Sidney penned a letter to Michael Snowdon.  In the morning he read it over, and instead of putting it into an envelope, locked it away in one of his drawers.

When the evening for his visit to Hanover Street again came round he again absented himself, this time just calling to leave word with the servant that business kept him away.  The business was that of walking aimlessly about Clerkenwell, in mud and fog.  About ten o’clock he came to Farringdon Road Buildings, and with a glance up towards the Hewetts’ window he was passing by when a hand clutched at him.  Turning, he saw the face of John Hewett, painfully disturbed, strained in some wild emotion.

‘Sidney!  Come this way; I want to speak to you.’

‘Why, what’s wrong?’

‘Come over here.  Sidney ­I’ve found my girl ­I’ve found Clara!’